Frequently Asked Questions
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the heart works harder to pump blood in the body. This should be watched out for because it may cause damage in the blood vessels, organs, and may lead to a heart attack or stroke.
High blood pressure usually doesn’t have symptoms but has some warning signs to monitor. The warning signs include dizziness, ringing in the ears, shortness of breath, and sometimes nosebleeds. If you experience any of this, you should consult your doctor.
In reading the blood pressure, there are two things to consider, systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure of the blood being pumped into circulation while diastolic pressure is the pressure of the arteries when the heart is relaxed and filled with blood. Normal blood pressure is between a systolic pressure lower than 120 and a diastolic pressure lower than 80.
Prehypertension is when your systolic pressure is between 120 to 139 and the diastolic is between 80 to 89. This is not yet considered high blood pressure but should be carefully watched out for because it is already high risk. You might want to reconsider your lifestyle habits and change into a healthier one.
Hypertension begins when the systolic pressure reaches 140 and the diastolic pressure reaches 90. You should seek medical treatment and lifestyle change.
What is the cause of high blood pressure?
There are two types of high blood pressure, primary and secondary. Primary hypertension is caused by an unknown factor, while secondary hypertension is caused by underlying health or medical condition, medications, and lifestyle. Hypertension is often caused by a diet that’s high in salt or fat, no regular exercise, and being overweight. It can also be caused by excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, and stress. Your chances of having hypertension increases when you have a family history of hypertension and upon reaching the age of 60.
How can I treat high blood pressure?
If you are already in the prehypertension stage, it’s time to reevaluate your lifestyle choices. Even though you haven’t been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it is better to prevent it by living a healthy lifestyle. You should eat more fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods, fish, nuts, and whole grains. Avoid eating food with saturated fat and trans-fats and too much salt and sugar.
If your blood pressure remains high even after observing a healthy lifestyle, the doctor will prescribe you a medication to help lower your blood pressure. True Medical offers a wide variety of medicines for hypertension based on your condition.
There are a number of medicines available to treat hypertension. There are diuretics or water tablets that reduce the amount of water in the body; beta-blockers that slow down your pulse by reducing the effect of adrenaline; calcium channel blockers or calcium antagonists that relax and widen blood vessels by affecting the muscles; and ACE inhibitors that decrease the production of a blood-vessel-narrowing hormone to help widen them. All these are available in True Medical with the prescription of our resident online doctors.