Vaginal Yeast Infection

Candidiasis, commonly known as vaginal yeast infection, is a frequent disease. Bacteria and yeast cells can be found in a healthy vagina. However, when the bacteria-yeast equilibrium shifts, yeast cells can proliferate. Itchy, swollen, and irritated skin results as a result of this. 

A vaginal yeast infection may be treated and symptoms can be relieved within a few days. It might take up to two weeks in more serious situations. 

A yeast infection can be caused by anything that disrupts the usual balance of bacteria and yeast in your vagina. Antibiotics used to treat a dangerous bacterial infection, for example, may also kill the lactobacillus bacteria, which keep yeast at bay in your vaginal area. 

Yeast infections can be exacerbated by conditions that impair your immune system, such as sexually transmitted illnesses. Women with diabetes who don’t have their blood sugar under control are also at a higher risk. This is due to the fact that increased sugar levels encourage yeast growth. 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), often known as sexually transmitted illnesses, are not considered vaginal yeast infections (STD). Sexual contact can transmit HIV, but it can even infect women who aren’t sexually active. You’re more prone to acquire another yeast infection if you’ve had one. 

Symptoms of a yeast infection 

Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include the following:

  • Itching around the vaginal area
  • For males, red patchy lesions at the head of the penis
  • Burning when urinating
  • Sex discomfort during sex
  • Soreness
  • Redness
  • Rash
  • Severe itching causes a burning feeling
  • Inflammation and pain in the vulva 

Another telling sign is a whitish-gray, clumpy vaginal discharge. This discharge has been described as resembling cottage cheese by others. The discharge might also be watery at times. 

The amount of time your yeast infection goes untreated usually has a direct influence on the severity of your symptoms.

Symptoms of a yeast infection that can be found in the body include:

  • When the tongue becomes covered with a white coating, it is known as thrush in babies. In babies, it is not regarded as abnormal unless it lasts more than a few weeks.
  • Redness, irritation, and pain accompany skin eruptions.
  • In the throat and esophagus, there is discomfort, soreness, and breakouts. 

Causes of Yeast Infection

The fungal infection Candida is a bacterium that lives in the vaginal region naturally. Lactobacillus bacterium controls its development. 

However, if your system is out of balance, these bacteria will not function properly. This creates an overabundance of yeast, resulting in the symptoms of vaginal yeast infections. 

A yeast infection can be caused by a number of reasons, including:

  • Antibiotics reduce the quantity of Lactobacillus (“good bacteria”) in the vaginal cavity during pregnancy.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Bad eating habits, which include a high sugar intake
  • Hormonal imbalance in the days leading up to your menstrual period
  • Sleep deprivation stress

Candida Albicans is a kind of yeast that causes most yeast infections. These infections are simple to cure. 

A distinct form of Candida might be the cause of repeated yeast infections or difficulty getting rid of a yeast infection with standard therapy. You may find out what type of Candida you have by doing a lab test. 

How can you know if you have a vaginal yeast infection?

Yeast infections are easy to recognize. Your physician will inquire about your medical background. This includes whether or not you’ve ever had a yeast infection. They may also inquire as to whether you’ve ever had an STI. 

A pelvic exam is the next step. Your cervix and vaginal walls will be examined by your doctor. They’ll also search for outward indications of illness in the surrounding region. 

The following step may be to harvest cells from your vaginal area, depending on what your doctor finds. These cells are taken to a laboratory to be examined. Women who get yeast infections on a regular basis or infections that won’t go away are more likely to have lab testing done. 

Treatment for a yeast infection

Because each yeast infection is unique, your doctor will recommend the best therapy for you. The intensity of your symptoms is used to evaluate treatment options.

 Simple infections 

Your doctor will generally prescribe an antifungal cream, ointment, pill, or suppository for a 1-to-3-day regimen for uncomplicated yeast infections. These medicines are available as prescriptions or over-the-counter (OTC) products. 

Medications that are commonly used include:

  • Butoconazole (Gynazole)
  • Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
  • Miconazole (Monistat)
  • Terconazole (Terazol)
  • Fluconazole (Diflucan) 

Follow up with your doctor if you have a minor yeast infection to make sure the treatment is working.

If your symptoms recur within two months, you’ll need to see your doctor again. 

If you suspect you have a yeast infection, you can treat it at home with over-the-counter medications. 

Infections that are difficult to treat 

The symptoms of a yeast infection might be more serious at times, necessitating special attention. You may require a longer course of therapy or a strategy to prevent the illness from returning. If you have the following symptoms, your doctor would most likely treat your yeast infection as if it were a severe or difficult case such as:

  • When you’re expecting a child.
  • When you have uncontrolled diabetes.
  • Your immune system has been compromised by medicines or a health condition such as HIV.
  • Having a Candida infection that isn’t caused by Candida albicans
  • Extreme symptoms (such as redness, swelling, and itching) that trigger tears or sores.

The severity and frequency of your yeast infections will determine how you should treat them.

Your doctor may suggest the following treatments for mild to moderate symptoms and infrequent episodes:

  • Vaginal treatment for a short period of time. A yeast infection may typically be cleared by taking an antifungal drug for three to seven days. Miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole are antifungal medicines that come as creams, ointments, pills, and suppositories. Some of these drugs are accessible over-the-counter, while others require a prescription. 
  • Oral medicine in a single dosage. A single oral dosage of fluconazole may be prescribed by your doctor (Diflucan). If you’re pregnant, oral medicine isn’t advised. Although fluconazole (Diflucan) is usually prescribed as a long-term treatment, it can also be given as a single oral dosage. Diflucan is a powerful antibiotic. A large single dosage might have unfavorable side effects.

These may include the following:

  • Nausea, stomach discomfort
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Fever with a skin rash 

Because of this, or if your illness is severe, your doctor may recommend two or three doses spread out over time. 

Whether your illness keeps coming back, check to determine if your sexual partner has a yeast infection as well. If you believe one of you has a yeast infection, utilize barrier measures such as condoms when having sex. Discuss all of your yeast infection treatment options with your doctor. If your symptoms don’t go away after therapy or if they come back within two months, see your doctor.

Yeast infection treatment at home

If you want to avoid using prescription medicine, you can attempt natural treatments to cure vaginal yeast infections, but they aren’t as effective or dependable as the prescribed medications. The following are some of the most often used natural remedies:

  • Cream with coconut oil and tea tree oil. Tea tree oil is an essential oil that has antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
  • Plain yogurt is eaten directly or put into the vaginal canal. Yogurt’s probiotics, or beneficial bacteria, may aid in reestablishing bacterial equilibrium in your vaginal area.
  • Garlic 
  • Disperse acid vaginal suppositories 
  • Wash your hands always or before applying lotions or oils to your vagina.

Before using natural treatments, you should consult with a physician. This is crucial because your doctor can assist diagnose your illness if your symptoms are caused by something other than a simple yeast infection. 

If you take OTC or prescription medicines, talk to your doctor about herbal treatments. Some herbs have the potential to interfere with the drugs you’re taking or create unforeseen adverse effects.

Infection with yeast in men

While vaginal yeast infections are more frequent, yeast infections may also affect men. A penile yeast infection occurs when the yeast infects the penis.

Candida is found in all bodies, not only female bodies. A yeast infection can result from an overgrowth of this fungus. Because of the skin folds and dampness, the groin region is particularly prone to Candida overgrowth. 

Still, having unprotected vaginal intercourse with a woman who has the illness is the most prevalent cause of penile yeast infections. Wearing condoms during sex can help avoid a yeast infection. Bathing on a regular basis might also assist. 

Men’s symptoms of a yeast infection may be less noticeable, however redness and white patches around the penis, as well as burning and itching feelings, may be present. If you suspect you have a penile yeast infection, see your doctor for a complete diagnosis. 

Infection with yeast in women 

In women, yeast infections are quite prevalent. Throughout fact, 3 out of 4 women are expected to have more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lives.

Despite their widespread occurrence, it’s critical to treat vaginal yeast infections as soon as possible. You will not only be able to relieve unpleasant symptoms, but you will also be able to decrease the possibilities of the infection spreading throughout your body.

Yeast infections recur often, especially if you’re pregnant, diabetic, or have a compromised immune system. If you have more than four yeast infections each year, see your doctor. 

Infection with yeast in infants 

Yeast infections are typically linked to vaginal infections, however, they can also affect infants. 

Diaper rash is the most prevalent yeast infection in children. Not all diaper rashes, however, are caused by yeast overgrowth.

If your baby’s skin is highly red and has patches in the diaper/groin area despite applying diaper rash cream, you may be able to determine the issue is more than simply a diaper rash. Yeast infections can also show up in other skin folds, such as beneath the armpits.

To treat yeast infections of the skin, your child’s physician would most likely prescribe a topical antifungal cream. If your child has oral thrush, oral medicine may be required (yeast infection of the mouth). While yeast infections in newborns are typically innocuous, if left untreated, they can progress to more severe illnesses.

Is it infectious to get a yeast infection? 

Although yeast infections are not classified as sexually transmitted diseases (STIs), they are nonetheless infectious. A yeast infection can be transmitted through oral or vaginal intercourse. The illness can also be spread through sex devices and kissing someone who has oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth).

A baby might potentially acquire a fungal diaper rash during birth if the mother has a vaginal yeast infection while giving birth. If you have Candida overgrowth in your breast region, you might transfer a yeast infection to your baby’s mouth during nursing.

A yeast infection is infectious, but not in the same way that other diseases are. You can’t “catch” the illness from the air or by sharing a shower with someone who has it. If you’re worried about spreading yeast infections, talk to your doctor about all the ways yeast infections might spread in your circumstance. 

Infection with yeast during pregnancy 

Because of the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, yeast infections are frequent. If you’re pregnant and think you have a yeast infection, you should see your doctor to obtain a proper diagnosis. 

Yeast infections in pregnant women aren’t usually treated the same way they are in non-pregnant women. Due to the risk of birth abnormalities, you will not be able to use oral antifungal medicines. Antifungal creams can be used safely throughout pregnancy. 

Yeast infections aren’t harmful to your baby, but the Candida fungus can be passed on during birth. As a result, your infant may get diaper rash and oral thrush. It’s crucial to treat yeast infection as soon as possible, especially if you’re pregnant, to avoid problems.

UTI vs. yeast infection 

UTI and Yeast Infection are two distinct types of infection that can damage your urinary tract. Even men and women are exposed, however females are much more highly susceptible. In the case of yeast infection, one major distinction in symptoms is the appearance of white discharge with an unpleasant odor. 

A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is a bacterial illness that affects the urine system. Your urethra, bladder, and kidneys are all part of this complicated system. UTIs can be caused by a variety of factors, including sex, STIs, and a failure to urinate on a regular basis.

The symptoms of a UTI differ from those of a yeast infection. Although there is no visible discharge, you may notice a little quantity of blood in your urine. In addition to frequent urine, a UTI can cause pelvic and abdominal discomfort. 

A UTI can progress to more serious renal problems if left untreated. Antibiotics must be obtained from a doctor. Inquire with your doctor about the distinctions between a yeast infection and a urinary tract infection. 

Test for yeast infection 

If this is your first time having a possible yeast infection, you should see a doctor for a clear diagnosis. This guarantees that your symptoms are caused by Candida overgrowth rather than something more serious. 

A pelvic exam will be performed initially, with any obvious discharge, redness, or edema noted. They’ll inquire about any additional symptoms you’re having, including burning or unpleasant urinating. 

A vaginal fluid test may be ordered by your doctor if necessary. They’ll use a cotton swab to obtain a sample of vaginal discharge, which will then be submitted to a lab to be studied under a microscope. Once your doctor has established whether you have a fungal infection or another sort of illness, he or she will be able to prescribe the appropriate medication.

Infection with yeast after sex

Having a yeast infection after having intercourse, is possible. A yeast infection is not an STI in and of itself. Other variables, on the other hand, might disrupt Candida equilibrium in the vaginal region. Bacteria can be transmitted during vaginal intercourse, as well as through sex toys and fingers.

Having vaginal intercourse with a man who has a penile yeast infection is another option. It’s also possible for a guy to get a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. Bacteria in the mouth, vaginal region, and penile area may be disrupted by oral sex.

It’s also conceivable that the yeast infection is unrelated to the other symptoms. Sexual intercourse is simply one of several underlying risk factors for a yeast infection. 

Even if you don’t have symptoms, having sex with a yeast infection can be dangerous. Sexual activity may prolong the illness and cause symptoms to reappear. These symptoms might be more severe than previously. 

Sexual activity can potentially spread the illness from one person to another. Although you can pass a yeast infection to your spouse through sexual activity, the chances of this happening are dependent on your partner’s anatomy. 

Infection with yeast vs. BV

The most frequent form is bacterial vaginosis (BV) in women between the ages of 15 and 44 is a vaginal infection. It’s not a fungal infection like a regular yeast infection, rather it’s caused by bacterial imbalances from douching and sex. It’s also stated that BV has a distinct fishy stench.

Symptoms of BV are comparable to those of a yeast infection, such as discharge, burning, and itching. It might be difficult to tell the difference between the two illnesses because of this. However, although a vaginal yeast infection may not create long-term problems, BV that is left untreated can. 

Fertility problems and preterm delivery (if infected while pregnant) are among the risks, as is an increased chance of developing STIs. 

Unlike a yeast infection, BV requires the use of a prescription antibiotic to be treated. Your doctor can tell you how to tell the difference between a yeast infection and BV.

Preventing yeast infections

It’s likely that you already know what caused your yeast infection. Some women, for example, have these infections every time they take antibiotics. Whether you know what caused the illness or not, there are several habits you may adopt and avoid to help prevent a recurrence.


  • Eating a well-balanced diet
  • Drinking lactobacillus-rich yogurt or taking lactobacillus-rich supplements 
  • Wearing natural fibers like cotton, linen, or silk
  • Washing underwear in hot water 
  • Changing feminine products on a regular basis 


  • Using feminine deodorant or scented tampons or pads 
  • Sitting about in wet clothing, especially swimming suits 
  • Sitting in hot tubs or having numerous hot baths 
  • Douching. “Feminine hygiene products,” might upset the microbial balance in your vaginal environment by eliminating some of the beneficial bacteria that is intended to protect you from illness. 

Essential oils for yeast infection

Essential oils have gotten a lot of press in recent years as “natural” treatments for a variety of illnesses. These plant-based medicines can be effective, but no research has proved that essential oils are more effective than standard treatments for yeast infections. 

One concern with essential oils is that they may cause allergic reactions in certain persons. Before applying those to bigger regions of the body, it’s a good idea to conduct a patch test on a tiny piece of skin. This is especially true when it comes to sensitive places like the vaginal area.

It’s also crucial to appropriately dilute oils before using them. Before using essential oils as a therapy, check with your doctor to be sure your symptoms are caused by a yeast infection. You can then inquire about safer oils for your yeast infection, such as coconut oil. 

Periods and yeast infection

It might feel like a double whammy to have a yeast infection and your period at the same time. This, however, is not unusual. Women are particularly susceptible to yeast infections in the days leading up to their period.

Hormone fluctuations are considered to be a cause of yeast infections before your period, producing bacterial imbalances in the vaginal area. 

It’s not always a yeast infection if you have a white to yellow discharge a week before your period. It’s important to know whether you’re also experiencing redness, burning, or itching.

Although inconvenient, early treatment might help eliminate your yeast infection before your period begins. If your yeast infection symptoms persist after your period has ended, see your doctor. If you suffer yeast infections every month before your period, you should see them.

It’s not always a yeast infection if you have a white to yellow discharge a week before your period. It’s important to know whether you’re also experiencing redness, burning, or itching.

Although inconvenient, early treatment might help eliminate your yeast infection before your period begins. If your yeast infection symptoms persist after your period has ended, see your doctor. If you suffer yeast infections every month before your period, you should see them.


Yeast infections that are minor are the simplest to cure, especially if discovered early. However, yeast infections that are severe or chronic may take longer to heal.

Yeast infections are common, but timely treatment can help eliminate the unpleasant symptoms in a matter of days. You can avoid future infections by understanding your personal risk factors.

Don’t try to identify a yeast infection on your own. Even if you want to utilize at-home treatments, see your doctor to confirm the infection. Other infections can also be confused for yeast infections. Check to see if you’re utilizing the right therapy.

If your yeast infection does not improve after utilizing home treatments or over-the-counter medicines, see your doctor. It’s possible that you’ll need to take prescription medicine.